Shock waves

What is it?

Extracorporeal radial shock waves are high energy sound waves obtained by simple direct percussion (in an applicator or gun) through which we obtain mechanical vibration (compressions and dilations) in the different body tissues using a standardized ultrasound gel as a conductive element.

How did it come about?

Initially, this technique was used in the medical field to disintegrate kidney stones without having to resort to surgery. By chance, the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect produced in the tissues close to the bone was discovered. It was then hypothesized whether it could have a positive effect by breaking down calcium deposits in calcifying tendinitis or by activating microcirculation and tissue metabolism.

What is its effect?

Research has shown that shock wave therapy produces analgesic and anti-inflammatory benefits. In addition to temporarily increasing vascularization, angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels) and the fragmentation and resorption of calcareous deposits.

In what pathologies or alterations are they indicated?

Its main indications are in plantar calcaneal or Achilles spur, in tendinopathies (calcifying tendinopathies, epicondylitis or tennis elbow and rotator cuff tendinopathies among others) and in plantar fasciitis.