Radiography


Service description

Radiography, also known as conventional radiology or X-ray radiography, is a fundamental medical technique that uses ionising radiation to produce images of the internal structures of the human body. Since its discovery by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen in 1895, radiography has been an invaluable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of medical conditions.

The process of obtaining an X-ray is relatively simple. The patient stands in front of a film plate or image detector, and a device emits a small amount of radiation through the area of the body to be examined. The body's tissues absorb different amounts of radiation, resulting in an image showing variations in density. Bone, which absorbs most of the radiation, appears white in the image, while soft tissues, which absorb less radiation, appear in shades of grey. Air-filled spaces, such as the lungs, appear black on the X-ray because they allow radiation to pass freely.

X-rays are used to diagnose a wide variety of medical conditions, from bone fractures to lung disease to dental problems. They are especially useful for evaluating traumatic injuries, detecting abnormalities in internal organs, and guiding medical and surgical procedures.

Despite its many benefits, radiography also carries risks associated with exposure to ionising radiation. Therefore, medical professionals must carefully weigh the benefits of diagnosis against the risks of radiation exposure, especially in the case of pregnant patients or children.

In summary, radiography is an indispensable tool in modern medical practice, enabling health professionals to visualise the internal structures of the human body in order to diagnose and treat a wide variety of medical conditions. Its ability to provide detailed and accurate images continues to be invaluable in the field of diagnostic medicine.

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